We report electroluminescence originating from L-valley transitions in n-type Ge/Si0.15Ge0.85 quantum cascade structures centered at 3.4 and 4.9 THz with a line broadening of ∆f / f ≈ 0.2. Three strain-compensated heterostructures, grown on a Si substrate by ultrahigh vacuum chemical vapor deposition, have been investigated. The design is based on a single quantum well active region employing a vertical optical transition and the observed spectral features are well described by non-equilibrium Green’s function calculations. The presence of two peaks highlights a suboptimal injection in the upper state of the radiative transition. Comparison of the electroluminescence spectra with similar GaAs/AlGaAs structure yields one order of magnitude lower emission efficiency.
Read about it in Applied Physics Letters 118 01101 (2021):
Pre-print available open access: https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.05518