n-type Ge/SiGe terahertz quantum cascade laser are investigated using non-equilibrium Green’s functions calculations. We compare the temperature dependence of the terahertz gain properties with an equivalent GaAs/AlGaAs QCL design. In the Ge/SiGe case, the gain is found to be much more robust to temperature increase, enabling operation up to room temperature. The better temperature robustness with respect to III-V is attributed to the much weaker interaction with optical phonons. The effect of lower interface quality is investigated and can be partly overcome by engineering smoother quantum confinement.
Applied Physics Letters 114, 111102 (2019)
Pre-print available open access https://arxiv.org/pdf/1811.12879.pdf.